Senior Associate Dean for Research
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
RBHS, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Ph.D., 1985, Université de Sherbrooke

Telephone: (848) 445-9802
Fax: (732) 235-4466

Rel, NF-κβ, cancer, transcription, apoptosis, proliferation, leukemia, lymphoma, oncogene, transformation

Cancer arises when the delicate balance between cell proliferation and cell death is perturbed. Signals that promote uncontrolled cell division, and those that block cell death, drive the development and progression of tumors. Our laboratory has a long-standing interest in the role of the Rel/NF-κβ proteins in the onset and the progression of hematopoietic and solid tumors.

Proteins in the Rel/NF-κβ-family of transcription factors play fundamental roles in immune and inflammatory responses, and are implicated in the control of cell proliferation, the inhibition of apoptosis and in oncogenesis. Experimental evidence linking deregulated Rel/NF-κβ activity to human cancer has emerged in recent years, consistent with the acute oncogenicity of the Rel/NF-κβ oncoprotein v-Rel in inducing fatal leukemia/lymphomas in animal models. As many as 10% of human B- and T-cell cancers can show alterations in the genes coding for the Rel/NF-κβ proteins or their regulator Iκβa. As such, constitutive Rel/NF-κβ activity is found in a variety of human leukemias, lymphomas, myelomas and Hodgkins disease. Chromosomal amplification, rearrangement, overexpression and/or constitutive activation of the Rel and NF-κβ genes is also observed in breast, colon, lung, ovarian and prostate cancer. It is therefore important to clarify how these proteins function in normal and in cancer cells. The viral and cellular Rel proteins thus provide an excellent and unique model system to decipher how cellular Rel/NF-κβ factors function in normal lymphoid cells and to understand how their aberrant activities lead to malignancy.

Our research focuses on the functional domains and the regulation of the Rel/NF-κβ proteins and on their role in cell growth, survival and transformation. Ongoing studies focus on the DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of the Rel proteins, their regulation by Iκβ factors, their role in apoptosis, cell proliferation and lymphoid cell transformation, as well as on the cellular genes that they control. These include the cell death inhibitor Bfl-1/A1 that we recently identified as a direct transcriptional target of NF-κβ and TAPIR, a new inhibitor of the NF-κβ signaling pathway.

This comprehensive approach will help to clarify the mechanism by which Rel/NF-κβ proteins function in the immune system and in oncogenesis. In addition, since Rel/NF-κβ activity is implicated in many disease conditions ranging from acute inflammatory conditions to cancer, the systematic analysis of its regulation and relevant target genes may provide important insights into novel approaches for therapeutic intervention.

The cell death inhibitor Bfl-1/A1 is a Rel/NF-κβ target that suppresses TNFa-induced cytochrome c release and apoptosis. Human MCF-7 breast cancer cells were transfected with GFP-tagged Bfl-1. After treatment with TNFa, cells were immunostained for cytochrome c localization and analyzed by fluorescent microscopy. Cytochrome c is retained in the mitochondria of GFP-Bfl-1-expressing cells following TNFa treatment, but it is released in cells that do not express GFP-Bfl-1.

Selected Publications

Gilmore TD, Gélinas C. (2015) Methods for assessing the in vitro transforming activity of NF-κβ transcription factor c-Rel and related proteins. Methods Mol. Biol. 1280:427-46

Medina DJ, Goodell L, Glod J, Gélinas C, Rabson AB, Strair RK. (2012) Mesenchymal stromal cells protect mantle cell lymphoma cells from spontaneous and drug-induced apoptosis through secretion of B-cell activating factor and activation of the canonical and non-canonical nuclear factor κβ pathways. Haematologica 97:1255-63

Guo JY, Chen H-Y, Mathew R, Fan J, Strohecker AM, Kamphorst JJ, Chen G, Lemmons JMS, Karantza V, Coller HA, DiPaola RS, Gélinas C, Rabinowitz JD, White E. (2011) Activated Ras requires autophagy to maintain oxidative metabolism and tumorigenesis. Genes Dev. 25:460-70

Fan G, Simmons MJ, Ge S, Dutta-Simmons J, Kucharczak J, Ron Y, Weissmann D, Chen CC, Mukherjee C, White E, Gélinas C. (2010) Defective ubiquitin-mediated degradation of anti-apoptotic Bfl-1 predisposes to lymphoma. Blood 115:3559-69

Fan G, Fan Y, Gupta N, Matsuura I, Liu F, Zhen Zhou X, Lu KP, Gélinas C. (2009) Peptidyl-prolyl isomerase Pin1 markedly enhances the oncogenic activity of the Rel proteins in the NF-κβ family. Cancer Res. 69:4589-97

Mathew R, Karp C, Beaudoin B, Vuong N, Chen G, Chen H-Y, Bray K, Reddy A, Bhanot G, Gélinas C, DiPaola RS, Karantza-Wadsworth V, White E. (2009) Autophagy suppresses tumorigenesis through elimination of p62. Cell 137:1062-75

Drawid A, Gupta N, Nagaraj VH, Gélinas C, Sengupta A. (2009) A Hidden Markov Model with position-dependent transition probabilities accurately predicts the occupancy of a transcription factor on self-overlapping binding motifs. BMC Bioinformatics 10:208-34

Dutta J, Fan G, Gélinas C. (2008) CAPERα is a novel Rel-TAD-interacting factor that inhibits lymphocyte transformation by the potent Rel/NF-B oncoprotein v-Rel. J. Virol. 82:10792-802

Simmons, MJ, Fan G, Zong, WX, Degenhardt K, White E, Gélinas C. (2008) Bfl-1/A1 functions, similar to Mcl-1, as a selective tBid and Bak antagonist. Oncogene 27:1421-8

Gupta N, Delrow J, Drawid, A, Sengupta AM, Fan G, Gélinas C. (2008) Repression of B-cell linker (BLNK) and B-cell adaptor for phosphoinositide 3-kinase (BCAP) is important for lymphocyte transformation by Rel proteins. Cancer Res. 68(3):808-14